Be in the Know About Tramadol, Its Uses and Side Effects

For years, Tramadol has often been used to treat mild to severe pain purchased under the brand name Rybix ODT, Conzip, Ultram or Ultram ER. It is an oral tablet prescription drug that is either available as an extended-release or immediate release tablet.

Tramadol falls under a category of drugs known as opioid agonists which work by altering how your brain senses pain and feelings.

It works similarly to how the endorphins in the brain work. Endorphins are tied to receptors in which the receptors then react by reducing the pain messages that your body sends through the nervous system to the brain. Tramadol works similarly to reduce the amount of pain your brain perceives to be having.  

Tramadol ‘High’ and Abuse

Like many other prescription drugs that have been considered safe and have FDA approval, so is Tramadol. On the contrary, Tramadol abuse is on the rise with many falling victims due to its narcotic “high” effects.

Tramadol Warnings

The oral drug may cause convulsions. It is more likely to occur during an overdose although usual dosage has not been disqualified.

You stand at a higher risk of facing these side effects if you are mixing the drug with other antidepressants or opioid pain relievers. Other predisposing factors include any history of convulsions, depression and other drug abuse cases.

Doctors advise people who are suicidal or vulnerable to addiction not to take tramadol. Also, anyone with a history of emotional instability should look for an alternative other than narcotic analgesics.

Taking Tramadol increases the levels of serotonin in your body which may cause a condition called serotonin syndrome if coupled with other drugs that also increase the level of serotonin causing a saturation. Symptoms may range from dizziness, lack of concentration, agitation, nausea or vomiting, and increased body temperatures.

Taking this drug for an extended period or in huge doses causes an overdependence on the drugs creating a craving cycle. In the case where one fails to quench the crave, they will start going through a withdrawal phase experiencing symptoms such as nausea, shaking, euphoria, muscle pains, sleeplessness, and high fevers.

Its overdose interferes with the normal respiratory functioning causing a condition known as respiratory depression and in the worst scenarios may turn fatal. Pre-disposing factors to respiratory depression entail on combining other street drugs, opioid medications, alcohol or any other drugs with Tramadol or if the individual has had a previous injury to the head.

You also stand illegible to take Tramadol if you have asthma or any respiratory conditions. Before enrolling for a tramadol prescription, ensure that you have revealed to your doctor about any of the following conditions:

  • Head trauma or stroke.
  • Convulsions.
  • Liver abnormalities such as cirrhosis
  • Gastrointestinal conditions.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Any psychological conditions such as bipolar disorder and extreme distress.
  • Suicidal thoughts.
  • Abnormal brain growth.
  • Previous drug abuse or addiction.

Pregnancy and Tramadol

Tramadol poses harmful effects to a growing fetus. You are therefore best advised to let the doctor know you are pregnant before commencing with a Tramadol prescription. If you fall expectant during a tramadol dosage, also let your doctor know and advise accordingly.

Apart from causing adverse effects on the fetus, the drug may pass the withdrawal symptoms to newborns causing early suffering. Breastfeeding mothers should avoid taking it to prevent passing the drugs to the child through breast milk.

Caution: Tramadol is not for use for anyone under the age of 16.

Tramadol and Other Interactions

Tramadol may cause dizziness. You should not perform any dangerous duties or drive until you are sure of how it affects you.  

Tramadol and Alcohol

Coupling the use of tramadol and alcohol or any other illicit drugs puts you at high risk of experiencing adverse and harsh side effects and should, therefore, be avoided.

Tramadol Overdose

It may lead to trouble breathing and may turn into a life-threatening situation. Symptoms of an overdose relate to:

  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Dilated pupils.
  • Respiratory depression.
  • Extreme fatigue.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Unconsciousness.
  • Cold and stiff skin.

If you find your loved one overdosed in tramadol, or feel like you have overdosed, seek medical assistance immediately to prevent the symptoms from escalating.

Tramadol Dosage

It is often decided by the doctor and depends on how severe your pain is or how well you react to the medication.

  • Your doctor prescribed low dosage and slowly increase or decrease depending on how you recover. Below is a typical dosing plan for an individual beginning a tramadol regular release drug.
  • You are most likely to commence with 25 milligrams every morning.
  • Your doctor may deem it necessary to increase 50 milligrams on every dose so that it may equal no less than 200mg a day.

Safety Precautions

  • Swallow tramadol tablets as a whole without squashing or splitting with a glass of water.
  • Dispense the tablet on your tongue immediately after removing it from the package.